111 Knitting Abbreviations Every Knitter Should Know

Here are 111 common abbreviations you will find in knitting patterns! Whether you’re a beginner or not, these will definitely help you. Just don’t ask me any questions… This is one fiber art I have yet to dabble in! Maybe down the road, right?! Some of these abbreviations you may have seen before in previous post titled Crocheting Abbreviations that is on the website. Knitting and Crocheting are actually pretty similar. Anyways, let’s get started!

alt = alternate

approx = approximately

beg = beginning

bet = between

bo = bind off

cable = move number of stitch(es) as indicated in the pattern to the cable needle, hold cable needle in the front of or back of work as indicated in pattern and work next set of stitches per pattern, then work stitch(es) off of cable needle

cc = contrasting color

ch = chain

cm = centimeter

cn = cable needle

cont = continue

cross = move number of stitch(es) as indicated in the pattern to the cable needle, hold cable needle in the front of back of work as indicated in pattern and work next set of stitches per pattern, then work stitch(es) off of cable needle

dc = double crochet

dec = decrease

dec(d) = decreased

dec(s) = decrease(s)

dp or dpn = double pointed needles

foll = follow, follows, following

g st = garter stitch

hdc = half double crochet

in = inch

inc(d) = increased

inc(s) = increase(s), increasing

incl = including

k = knit

k1-b = knit 1 stitch in row below

k1b-tbl or k1tbl = knit 1 stitch through the back loop

k1-f/b = knit the next stitch but do not remove the stitch from the left needle, then knit through the back loop of the same stitch and remove the stitch from the needle

k2tog = knit 2 stitches together

k3tog = knit 3 stitches together

kfb or kfbf = knit the next stitch but do not remove the stitch from the left needle, then knit through the back loop of the same stitch and remove the stitch from the needle

kkyopsso = knit 2 stitches, make a yarn over, pass the two knit stitches over the yarn over

k-p-k = knit the next stitch but do not remove the stitch from the left needle, purl through the back loop of the same stitch, knit into the same stitch and remove the stitch from the needle

krb = knit in the row below

k-yo-k = knot the next stitch but do not remove the stitch from the left needle, make a yarn over, then knit into the stitch again and remove the stitch from the needle

lh = left hand

lp(s) = loop(s)

lt = left twist

m = marker

m1 = make 1 by inserting the left needle from front to back lifting a strand of yarn between the stitches on each needle then knit the strand through the back loop

m1L = make 1 by inserting the left needle from front to back lifting a strand of yarn between the stitches on each needle then knit the strand through the back loop

m1p = make 1 by inserting the left needle from back to front lifting a strand of yarn between the stitches on each needle then purl strand through the front loop

m1pR = make 1 by inserting the left needle from back to front lifting a strand of yarn between the stitches on each needle then purl strand through the front loop

m1R = make 1 by inserting the left needle from back to front lifting a strand of yarn between the stitches on each needle then knit the strand

mb = make bobble

mc = main color

mk = make knit

p = purl

p1-b = purl 1 stitch in row below

p2sso = pass 2 slipped stitches over number of stitches indicated in the pattern

p2tog = purl 2 stitches together

p3tog = purl 3 stitches together

pat(s) = pattern(s)

pfb = purl into the front of the stitch but do not remove the stitch from the left needle, then purl through the back loop of the same stitch and remove the stitch from the needle

pm = place marker

psso = pass slipped stitches over number of stitches indicated in the pattern

rem = remaining

rep = repeat

rev = reverse

rev st st = reverse stockinette stitch

rh = right hand

rnd = round

rpt = repeat

rs = right side

rt = right twist

s2kp2 = slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knitted stitch

sc = single crochet

sk = skip

sk2p = slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over

sk2psso = slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit 2 stitches together, pass slipped stitch over

skp = slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit 1 stitch, pass slipped stitch over

sl = slip

sl st = slip stitch

sl1k = slip 1 stitch knitwise

sl1p = slip 1 stitch purlwise

sm = slip marker

sp(s) = space(s)

ss = slip stitch

ssk = slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, place left needle through front of 2 stitches, knit 2 stitches together through back loop

ssp = slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, pass the 2 stitches back to the left needle, purl the 2 stitches together through the back loops

sssk = slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, knit the 3 stitches together

sssp = slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, slip 1 stitch knitwise, pass the 3 stitches back to the left needle, purl the 3 stitches through the back loops

st = stitch

st st = stockinette stitch

tbl = through the back loop

t-ch = turning chain

tog = together

tr = treble crochet stitch

w&t = wrap and turn

wb or wl bk = move yarn between the needles to the back of the work

wf or wl fwd = move yarn between the needles to the front of the work

wrn = wrap yarn around needle

ws = wrong side

wyib = with yarn in back

wyif = with yarn in front

yb = yarn in back

yd = yard

yf = yarn in front

yfon = yarn forward and over needle

yfrn = yarn forward and round needle

yfwd = move yarn between the needles to the front of the work

yo = yarn over

yo twice or yo2 = yarn over twice

yon = yarn over needle

yrn = yarn round needle

What does it mean when knitting instructions are in brackets?

When knitting instructions are in brackets, it means that you should work the instructions within the brackets as many times as directed.

What do asterisks ** mean in knitting instructions?

When knitting instructions are in asterisks, it means you should work the stitches between the asterisks as many times as directed.

Why are crochet abbreviations used in knitting patterns?

Some knitting patterns call for crochet edgings and will use crochet abbreviations in the instructions for the edging.

Also, some methods for the provisional cast-on use a crochet chain as part of the cast-on. A chain is crocheted, with the cast-on stitches knitted directly into the crochet chain. The crochet chain keeps the knitting stitches “live” until they are ready to be worked later in the pattern.

What does K1 mean in knitting?

K1 means knit one. The abbreviation k means knit. Numbers after the letter k represent how many stitches to knit. Thus, k1 means knit one, k2 means knit two, and so on.

What does P2 mean in knitting?

Just as k2 means knit 2, p2 means purl 2. The abbreviation p means purl. Numbers after the p tell you how many stitches to purl. Thus, p1 means purl one, p2 means purl 2, and so on.


I hope these explanations of knitting abbreviations helped you. If you have any questions or comments, leave them down below. Don’t forget to Like and Subscribe to the website, Facebook, and Instagram!

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